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Laponia

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    G3018 Managing and Interpreting Cultural and natural heritage sites

    Seminar 4 – Own Seminar on the 29 October 2015

    TDD - HT 2015

    Group C: Lotta Sandström, Jenni Sjölund, Stephan Hoffström,WenjieZeng

     

    Laponian Area – A Nutural & Cultural World Heritage Site

    The Arctic Circle region of northern Sweden is the home of the Saami, or Lapp people. It is the largest area in the world (and one of the last) with an ancestral way of life based on transhumance or the seasonal movement of livestock, (World Heritage List, 1996)inhabited during the summer by some 200-250 indigenous Saami people. They fish in the area and practice reindeer husbandry.[1]

    Laponian Area (picture 1.1) comprises 940,000 hectares of land and water. Its east-west extent is about 200 kilomerters and the greatest north-south extent about 80 kilometers. The protection of the area is built up by the National Parks Muddus, Sarek, Padjelanta and Stora Sjöfallet and the Nature Reserves Sjaunja and Stubba. Three adjacent areas protected by the Swedish Natural Recourses Act, are also included in the World Heritage Site.

    The landscape includes mountains, forests, lakes, wetlands, glaciers as well as moraines, canyons, ravines and boulder fields.

    Althoug all these areas are hard to reach by roads, they turn out to be an ideal hiking/skiing destination.. Two popular walking trails are available here, Kungsleden and Badjelánndaleden/Padjelantaleden.

    One of the best preserved examples of nomadic areas in northern Scandinavia, the Saami arrived here some 4000-5000 years ago, and turned to herding domesticated reindeer in the 17th or 18th century.

    Management has set some quantities- as well as quality goals to protect and control amount of visitors to the region. A combination of soft and hard approach has been successful and will continue as instruments to reach set educational goals and controlled amount of visitors, some sites accepting up to 10,000 visitors per year (ex. Stour Muorkke waterfall) and other regions and sites up to 5,000 visitors per year. Media and Branding strategies also apply. (Länstyrelsen Norrbotten, 2010)

    Visitors to the region and the two seasons do skiing, trekking, fishing and during winter snowmobile on set routes.

    In 2011 the Government made decisions to change the management organization for Laponia. Management during the winter will be managed by the non-profit association “Laponiatjuottjudus” for a trial period. The association is collaboration between Sami villages, some municipalities, the environmental protection agency and the county administrative board of Norrbotten county. The government recently decided to extend the trial period to 2016. After this date a new decision will be made. (Länstyrelsen Norrbotten, 2010)

    Background – What is the “Laponiaprocessen”
    The County Administrative Board of Norrbotten received a government mandate in 2006 to develop the modalities for the management of Laponia in cooperation with the Sami villages and municipalities and Naturvårdsverket (the environmental protection agency).

    Naturvårdsverket has been actively involved in the process as the authority and representatives of the national interests in the case of nationalparkernas and the protection and management.

    Visitors to the region is a challenge as some ignore the rules and regulations staying within the trek or path aimed for, aspecially, motor vehicles such as snowmobile, but also local companies with dog sledging services have had their permit applications rejected to travel within the regions since Laponia is a world heritage site and protected areas. (SverigesRadioNews-P4Norrbotten, 2014)



     

    References

    World Heritage List, 1996
    Retrieved 21 October 2015 from: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/774

    SverigesRadioNews-P4Norrbotten, 2014
    Retrieved 23 October 2015 from: http://sverigesradio.se/sida/artikel.aspx?programid=98&artikel=5833455

    Länstyrelsen Norrbotten,  Anbudsinbjudan - Varumärkesidentitet till världsarvet Laponia, file 512-6813-10, 2010.
    Retrieved 23 October 2015 from: http://www.lansstyrelsen.se/norrbott...k%20profil.doc

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