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Conservation of heritage
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Conservation of a heritage site
The preservation and protection of cultural and natural heritage is essential for the development of tourism however, this conservation of a heritage site faces many challenges. Modernization is a rising threat since there often is more support for more urban development than the conservation of the area. Also human impact is a challenging problem as is has an influence on the historical resources. At most sites, the main problem is the large number of tourists that visit the site every day in the high season. Resulting in problems such as litter, graffiti and pollution (Timothy & Boyd, 2006) A universal problem concerning the human impact is the souvenir hunting. People like to take pieces of the heritage site with them to keep them as a souvenir or to sell them on the black market. This creates a danger of disappearance of the heritage site (Dutton & Busby, 2002 stated in Timothy & Boyd, 2006). Besides that, funding can be an important problem since the amount is mostly limited. This may result in the lack of the protection of the site, or the interpretation and a clear and good visitor management. However this problem occurs everywhere in the world, it happens mainly in developing regions that have rare funding (Timothy & Boyd, 2006). Darlow, Essex & Brayshay (2012) state that the socio cultural aspect is given high priority in sustainable management of heritage, meaning that the involvement with local communities in the management is important (Bessière, 2013). Oviedo & Puschkarsky (2012) agree and add that the image regarding the involvement of local communities changed from being unfamiliar with conservation objectives towards being a fundamental base for successful and long lasting partnerships. Nonetheless, Timothy & Boyd (2006) argue this statement by mentioning that in many developing countries the basic survival is more important for most of the communities members and therefore have little or no concern for the conservation of the heritage. This shows that conservationists constantly face challenges convincing everyone involved not to destroy or sell the heritage and remind everyone about the importance of the site.
- Darlow, S., Essex, S. & Brayshay, M. (2012). Sustainable heritage management practices at visited heritage sites in Devon and Cornwall. Journal of Heritage Tourism. Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 219-237.
- Timothy, D.T. & Boyd, S. W. (2006). Heritage Tourism in the 21st Century: Valued Traditions and New Perspectives. Journal of Heritage Tourism. Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 1-16.
- Oviedo, G. & Puschkarsky, T. (2012). World Heritage and rights-based approaches to nature conservation. International Journal of Heritage Studies. Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 285-296.
- Bessière, J. (2013). ‘Heritagisation’, a challenge for tourism promotion and regional development: an example of food heritage. Journal of Heritage Tourism. Vol. 8, No. 4, pp, 275-191.
By Anoek Laarman
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