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Rietveld Schröder house

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    Cultural Heritage Site Rietveld Schröder house at Utrecht, the Netherlands

     


    Utrecht Schröder house

    Importance for the nation

     

    Rietveld Schröderhuis is a villa located in the city Utrecht in the eponymous province Utrecht, nowadays used as a museum.The museum used to be a house. It is designed by Gerrit Rietveld (1888-1964) in the year 1923/1924 commissioned by the quirky Truus Schröder. According to the centraalmuseum (2014) Truus Schröder played an important role in the design and the establishment of the house. For example, she wanted to live sparingly because she wanted to live actively and not being lived. Additionally, she desired to live “free from the ground” therefore the main living functions were centred on the first floor. The characteristics of the house are the straight lines and white with the use of the primary colours red, blue and yellow for surfaces with black framings. Its design is considered as being a master piece due to the fact that it is the only copy that has been carried out, from the inside and outside, in accordance to the unique principles of “De Stijl”. The artistic and architectural movement “De Stijl” was founded in 1917 in Amsterdam.

     

    The Rietveld Schröderhuis is on the UNESCO cultural heritage list since the year 2000. “The difference lies in particular in the treatment of architectural space and in the conception of the functions of the building. Many contemporary architects were deeply influenced by the Schröder house and this influence has endured up to the present” (UNESCOa, 2013, p.259). The fact that the museum is on the UNESCO cultural heritage list is due to its great influence on the architectural works that where inspired by Rietveld, and de Stijl movement, it was an explorer of use of space, shapes and multiple functions of the interior that floats from the inside to outside. This museum is on the UNESCO heritage list as part of the contemporary architectural movements and functions now as a museum to experience the “de Stijl” movement and its principals. As stated by UNESCO(a, 2013) it is considered one of the icons of the Modern Movement in architecture”.

     

    Current managerial issues

     

    The villa is now in excellent condition and under regular care of the Centraal Museum of Utrecht’s municipal museum, in consultation with the Rietveld Schröderhuis Foundation (UNESCOa, 2013, p.159). The only current threat is the exterior of the Rietveld Schröderhuis which is affected by air pollution (UNESCOb, 2014, p.3). By regularly maintenance of the exterior this negative impact will be minimized, there are no other actions that needed to be taken.

     

    References:

     

    Centraalmuseum (2014) start page, retrieved at 15-11-2014 from http://centraalmuseum.nl/bezoeken/locaties/rietveld-schroederhuis/

    UNESCOa (May 17, 2013) World Heritage 37th session convention (online) retrieved at 15th november 2014 from http://whc.unesco.org/archive/2013/whc13-37com-8E-en.pdf

    UNESCOb (May 19, 2014) Periodic Report - Section II-Rietveld Schröderhuis (Rietveld Schröder House)retrieved at 15th november 2014 from http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/965/documents/

    Utrecht Schröder house, retrieved at 15-11-2014 from http://intern.strabrecht.nl/sectie/c.../CKV-f0025.htm

     

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    Comments (4)

    Viewing 4 of 4 comments: view all
    Your text is wel structured and pleasant to read. I have been to the Rietveld house myself and never knew that it was a world heritage site. Perhaps you could include your name in the text.
    Antonia
    Posted 19:48, 18 Nov 2014
    How the place is utilized in tourism? What is done on the base of the house? It is such a weird type of the WHS, I think is still more local, that is how those smaller organisation manage to keep their prestige, as they are able to communicate with UNESCO, I mean if one compares this house with the heritage of the aboriginals in Australia. I think it is so unfair. What do you think? My best, Albina
    Posted 23:08, 21 Nov 2014
    Hey Antonia, thank you for the comment, the thing is that I actually never visited the Rietveld Schröder house myself.
    Posted 19:44, 30 Nov 2014
    Thank you for your feedback Albina, I answered the first two questions in the assignment. The last question about how I perceive the value of this Cultural Heritage site is two sided. On the one hand, I really appreciate art in any form. The fact that this has been designed as being a new movement that created a new way of enjoying public spaces and living areas should be preserved. It is definitely an enrichment for me to gain understanding in lifestyles and art movements, that leaded to where we live now but still can be inspired by past art movements. "de Stijl" is for me a really interesting movement as soon as you try to grasp their ideas behind the architecture and art this will evolve, in what way they wanted to express that. On the other hand, the house of many other people I know have even created more inspiring house interiors and lifestyles, and then I question why one is on the UNESCO heritage list and the other is not. I think the UNESCO gives an priority to Western art, palaces, cultural sites and events. Comparing this site with Aboriginal heritage is difficult, but the main question is who prioritizes what, I think the Aboriginal culture has no been appreciated in its core (excluding desert art) which means that there is no understanding of their magnificent and inspiring lifestyle and view. It is not appreciated either, at least not by powerful bodies in the preservation or continuing of their culture. Personally, I am soaked of interest and admiration of the Aboriginal culture, and if possible, I would love to be able to help in whatever way I can, unfortunately the perception of Aboriginals and their heritage is not accepted yet and most of the Australian society is not interested in appreciating the Aboriginal people. This shows that there is also a lot of power involved in deciding if things should be preserved, yes or no.
    Posted 20:44, 30 Nov 2014
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