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Macedonia by Gzime Memedi
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Natural and Cultural heritage of the Ohrid region
Ohrid is the eight largest city in Macedonia and the largest city on Lake Ohrid. In the year 1979 and 1980 the city of Ohrid and the Lake Ohrid were accepted as cultural and natural world heritage cites by UNESCO . Ohrid and region is the 29 in the world, included in the list of mixed natural and cultural heritage . The city of Ohrid is known as a center of Slavian culture since it is believed that the Slavik languages and writing, literature were coming out of Ohrid . It is the oldest human settlements in Europe dating from 7th and 19th century, it has the oldest Slav monastery St Pantelejmon and more than 800 Byzantine style icons . The most attractive thing is that it has 365 churches one for each day of the year . The city has preserved the ancient urban architecture and all the monuments in the best way. The city is also known as the main tourism attraction in Macedonia visited every year by thousands of foreign visitors.
The mixed property of the city of Ohrid and region was untouched natural environment on the shores of the lake, and also the cultural heritage monuments were well preserved when they were registered for the first time in the list by UNESCO. According to a monitoring mission which was carried out by UNESCO , there were some few unwanted steps taken by the locals of the neighboring municipality. At the time the mission noted some changes in the natural heritage part of the lake, were the neighboring city of Struga was increasing the construction in the shores of the Lake . They concluded that the economic and demographic developments are the main threat on the preservation of the cultural and natural heritages of the Ohrid and region. However the mission came up with some recommendations such as: they were calling for a special legal framework, strengthening the management, and preparation of a Spatial plan for the area and the towns. How this recommendations can be practiced it depends from the politicians and the municipalities council who are responsible for the Ohrid and region. In November this year the council of the municipality of Ohrid recommended a plan for building a Hotel close to the Lake Ohrid within the buffering zone of the UNESCO. However the plan is still not approved from the ministry of ecology who are responsible for the Lake Ohrid. This mean that if they will accept this plan it is possible that Macedonia will lose the natural world heritage site.
 UNESCO ``Ohrid Region`` http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/99 [2014.11.12]
 Organzation of World Heritage Cities http://www.ovpm.org/en/macedonia/ohrid [2014.11.11]
 Exploring Macedonia http://www.exploringmacedonia.com/ohrid.nspx [2014.11.12]
 Report on the Advisory Mission toThe World Heritage Property “Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region”, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, from 11 to 13 December 2013
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