DU Wiki > Ă„mnen - Subjects > Tourism studies > KG3012 > Seminar 1 Cultural and natural World Heritage sites > France > Gulf of Porto: Calanche of Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola Reserve by Fanny Dunand
Gulf of Porto: Calanche of Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola Reserve by Fanny Dunand
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It is a natural World Heritage site located on the central western cost of the French island “Corsica”. All of the sites are really close to each other’s and the Gulfs of Porto and Girolata are the center (See Appendix 1). The Scandola Reserve is situated in the north. It measures 19,19 km2 (Land plus marine). The entire region “Gulf of Porto: Calanche of Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola Reserve” is within the Regional Park of Corsica (UNESCO, 2013). This park has been created in 1972 and covers 40% of the Island (RendezvousenFrance, 2013).
This area has a natural beauty with diversity. It is one of the most beautiful area of the Island. And the Island is already more than beautiful… We call it “Island of Beauty”. Describe this place is like describe a dream. It is rare in the world to see places so wonderful. The presence of cliffs of red rock; the transparency of the water and the green plants create a wonderful landscape full of colors.
The fauna and flora are really interesting with the marine animals, all the different kind of birds and the Mediterranean vegetation. It is interesting because it not animals and plant that you can see everywhere. You can see exotic fishes and corail, which is rare. The vegetation is beautiful thanks to the maritime brief and the full sun.
The natural attractions and activities are interesting. You can scuba diving, hiking, lie out on the beaches, swim, do some canyoning (especially in Pania), fishing...You have to take into consideration that sometimes they are forbidden in some places so it is good to be careful and aware of the regulations (Corse Sauvage, 2013).
The fact that the nature is wonderful is really important. The tourism in Corsica is thanks to its nature. People want to discover it. This area is important by the fact that it is not so far away from the airport in Ajaccio so it is quite accessible.
Managerial challenges: In general the Corsica’s natural reserves are managed by the Island’s Environment Office but Scandola reserve is managed by the Corsica’s Regional Natural Park. Speaking about the whole site, many actors are involved in the management but not a single management authority. The actors are the regional park, the governent, the municipalities.. (UNESCO, 2013).
The conservation of the area is manage in a national level. There is a national plan for it since 1979 and nothing can be modified without the authorization of the Minister of Environment.
One of the biggest management challenges in this area is the risk of fire. Corsica is one of the most common place where fires happen. They have to be prepared for this and anticipate the phenomenon because fire can burn thousand hectares in few minutes (Jampol, J., 2008). Fire is a growing problem by the fact that more and more summer are warmer because of the climate changes. The climate changes is actually a problem in each natural sites that it has be taken into consideration. Climates are not the same amd there are consequences of it.
Another problematic, according to me, is the rules for the zones authorized. It is an interesting place to fish and walk for example but some areas are prohibited because of the fragility of the sites, the biodiversity or the danger (Coast with dangerous rock). They have to be clear with the zones and the indications for the tourists.
(Corsica Map, n.d)
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