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The Great Wall

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    The Great Wall by Heran Liu


    In c. 220 B.C., from Qin dynasty under Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China, sections of earlier fortifications were joined together to form a united defense system against invasions from the north. Construction continued up to the Ming dynasty (1368–1644), when the Great Wall became the world's largest military structure (UNESCO). The total length of the Great Wall is more than 20,000 kilometers. The Great Wall starts in the east at Shanhaiguan in Hebei province and ends at Jiayuguan in Gansu province to the west. Its main body consists of walls, horse tracks, watches towers, beacon towers and shelters on the wall, and includes fortresses and passes along the Wall. The Great Wall reflects collisions between nomadic civilizations and agricultural civilizations in ancient China (WHC).

    The components of the Great Wall have been listed as provincial priority protected sites under the law of Protection of Cultural Relics (UNESCO). Also, according to UNESCO, the Regulations on the Protection of the Great Wall published in 2006 is a special document for conserve and manage the Great Wall. The China’s National Administration on Cultural heritage and provincial cultural heritage administrations have the responsibility to guiding the local governments to measures the Great Wall with conservation and management.

    There is a project to protect the western end of the Great Wall taken by Gansu province in 2011. The aim of the project is to repair and construct the western Great Wall which takes 2.03 billion yuan (317 million U.S. dollars), mostly financed by the central government.


    Managerial Challenges

    There are 3 major conservation parts of the Great Wall:

    - Badaling section, a 7 km popular stretch

    - Jiayuguan Pass, the starting point of the western section of the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty

    - Shanhaiguan, 26km of the northern wall until it meets the sea

    Those 3 well protected places have become the most popular tourist destinations in recent years. It become very crowd in these 3 places in holidays. It become a chaotic scenes on the Great Wall as 8 million visitors swamp Badaling section in one day, and 16 million visitors during the ‘Golden Week’. That makes visitors and potential visitors uncomfortable. 


    Reference, (2014). The Great Wall of China - Crystalinks. [online] Available at: [Accessed 17 Nov. 2014].


    Daily mail. Would these tourists be visible from space? Chaotic scenes on the Great Wall of China as EIGHT MILLION visitors swamp heritage site in one day. Available at:  [Accessed 15 November, 2014]

  China kicks of 2-bil-yuan Great Wall Protection Project. Available at:  [Accessed 15 November, 2014]

  Protection for Great Wall urged. Available at:  [Accessed 15 November, 2014]


    UNESCO, 2013. The Great Wall. Available at:  [Accessed 15 November, 2014]


    World Heritage Site, 2007-2014. Great Wall. Available at:  [Accessed 15 November, 2014]


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    Comments (5)

    Viewing 5 of 5 comments: view all
    Nice article and good picture. However it would have been nice to hear already some actions they took already to prevent the wall. Besides that, you explain that they will contruct the western side of the wall. Is this the first plan, or is the eastern part not demaged yet? or is there no plan for the eastern part at all. But, really interesting to read!
    Posted 15:15, 18 Nov 2014
    Are there any strategies to divert the tourists more to the eastern or any other part of the wall? Reading from your article I infer that the western wall is more popular than the eastern side, hence the severe damages. Great picture and informative article.
    Posted 11:19, 20 Nov 2014
    Nice article and very interesting site. Also, interesting presentation (the only with the video :) ).
    I guess it would be nice to find out if there are any formal ideas and/or actions regarding the problem with overcrowded visitation. Also, I think you are missing some referencing in the text, especially in the part of Managerial challenges.
    Best regards,
    Vladimir edited 14:24, 22 Nov 2014
    Posted 14:24, 22 Nov 2014
    Thank you for your advice, h14anola. As i know the contruct plan is the first plan to protect the great wall. Eastern part are well protect in the past, that is why the authority open the eastern pary as tourism destiation.
    Posted 19:46, 5 Dec 2014
    Hi, h14wilas,I am sorry, maybe I make you confused, because of the bad nature environment, western part has been damaged by nature. In the history, most of dynasty pay more attention on repairing the eastern part. So, that could be by eastern part is much popular than western part.
    Posted 19:53, 5 Dec 2014
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