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Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries - The Final Paradise of the Wild Panda
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The Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries is one of the Word Natural Heritages, which is located in Sichuan province of South-western China (See Appendix). The Sanctuaries covers an area of 924,500 hectares with seven nature reserves and nine scenic parks (See Appendix). The sanctuaries are recognized as a “National Treasure of China” mainly because the regions are home to more than 30% of the world’s pandas. Furthermore, the Sanctuaries are an ideal place to other endangered animals, such as the red panda, the snow leopard and the clouded leopard (UNESCO, 2013).
In addition to the endangered animals, the Sanctuaries are also renowned for the richest plant groups, such as roses, peonies, maples, bamboos and magnolias. It is worth mentioning that the regions are a major source for hundreds of traditional medicinal plants and more than 100 species of rhododendron are grown in this region (CHINA.ORG.CN, 2006).
As is known to all, the giant panda is rarely seen and only 1500-2000 of them remains in the world (World Heritage Site, 2007). The best choice is to visit the habitat of Giant Panda in Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries. This is a trip that you will never regret!
Managerial challenges: The top concern with the Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries is habitat loss. Bamboo is the staple of giant panda. Sadly, giant pandas are in danger of dying from lack of suitable food due to bamboo habitat has been destroyed by logging. Preliminary data showed that 50% trees are cut in the Sichuan Province between 1974 and 1989. In 1998, the Chinese government has banned logging in the panda's habitat. Unfortunately, the problem of illegal logging in Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries was far from solved (WWF Global, 2013).
Fragmented is another intractable problem. "It is probable that habitat fragmentation has separated the giant panda population inhabiting this region, which could be as low as 35 individuals. This kind of isolation increases their risk of extinction in the wild, due in part to a higher likelihood of inbreeding (Science News, 2009)." Weihua Xu says, who is a scientist in Chinese Academy of Sciences. Bamboo dieback is a natural phenomenon that increases the extinction rates of giant pandas because giant pandas have less flexibility to find new habitat (WWF Global, 2013).
The Sichuan earthquake in 2008 was a deadly earthquake that killing 69,000 people, with 4.3 million homeless. The official Chinese news reported more than 23% of the giant pandas' habitat was destroyed and natural disaster create unprecedented challenges for post-earthquake reconstruction of giant pandas’ habitat (Science News, 2009).
Seven Nature Reserves
Wolong Nature Reserve
Fengtongzhai Nature Reserve
Mt. Siguniang Nature Reserve
Laba River Nature Reserve
Heishui River Nature Reserve
Jintang-Kongyu Nature Reserve
Caopo Nature Reserve
Nine Scenic Parks
Mt. Qingcheng-Dujiangyan Scenic Park)
Mt. Tiantai Scenic Park
Mt. Siguniang Scenic Park
Xiling Snow Mountain Scenic Park
Mt. Jiguan-Jiulonggou Scenic Park
Mt. Jiajin Scenic Park
Miyaluo Scenic Park
Mt. Lingzhen-Mt. Daxue Scenic Park
Mt. Erlang Scenic Park
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