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Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries - The Final Paradise of the Wild Panda

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    The Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries is one of the Word Natural Heritages, which is located in Sichuan province of South-western China (See Appendix). The Sanctuaries covers an area of 924,500 hectares with seven nature reserves and nine scenic parks (See Appendix). The sanctuaries are recognized as a “National Treasure of China” mainly because the regions are home to more than 30% of the world’s pandas. Furthermore, the Sanctuaries are an ideal place to other endangered animals, such as the red panda, the snow leopard and the clouded leopard (UNESCO, 2013).


    In addition to the endangered animals, the Sanctuaries are also renowned for the richest plant groups, such as roses, peonies, maples, bamboos and magnolias. It is worth mentioning that the regions are a major source for hundreds of traditional medicinal plants and more than 100 species of rhododendron are grown in this region (CHINA.ORG.CN, 2006).


    As is known to all, the giant panda is rarely seen and only 1500-2000 of them remains in the world (World Heritage Site, 2007). The best choice is to visit the habitat of Giant Panda in Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries. This is a trip that you will never regret!


    Managerial challenges: The top concern with the Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries is habitat loss. Bamboo is the staple of giant panda. Sadly, giant pandas are in danger of dying from lack of suitable food due to bamboo habitat has been destroyed by logging. Preliminary data showed that 50% trees are cut in the Sichuan Province between 1974 and 1989. In 1998, the Chinese government has banned logging in the panda's habitat. Unfortunately, the problem of illegal logging in Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries was far from solved (WWF Global, 2013).


    Fragmented is another intractable problem. "It is probable that habitat fragmentation has separated the giant panda population inhabiting this region, which could be as low as 35 individuals. This kind of isolation increases their risk of extinction in the wild, due in part to a higher likelihood of inbreeding (Science News, 2009)." Weihua Xu says, who is a scientist in Chinese Academy of Sciences. Bamboo dieback is a natural phenomenon that increases the extinction rates of giant pandas because giant pandas have less flexibility to find new habitat (WWF Global, 2013).


    The Sichuan earthquake in 2008 was a deadly earthquake that killing 69,000 people, with 4.3 million homeless. The official Chinese news reported more than 23% of the giant pandas' habitat was destroyed and natural disaster create unprecedented challenges for post-earthquake reconstruction of giant pandas’ habitat (Science News, 2009). 








    Seven Nature Reserves

    Wolong Nature Reserve

    Fengtongzhai Nature Reserve

    Mt. Siguniang Nature Reserve

    Laba River Nature Reserve

    Heishui River Nature Reserve

    Jintang-Kongyu Nature Reserve

    Caopo Nature Reserve


    Nine Scenic Parks

    Mt. Qingcheng-Dujiangyan Scenic Park)

    Mt. Tiantai Scenic Park

    Mt. Siguniang Scenic Park

    Xiling Snow Mountain Scenic Park

    Mt. Jiguan-Jiulonggou Scenic Park

    Mt. Jiajin Scenic Park

    Miyaluo Scenic Park

    Mt. Lingzhen-Mt. Daxue Scenic Park

    Mt. Erlang Scenic Park 

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    Comments (5)

    Viewing 5 of 5 comments: view all
    Dear He Meng Ya, nice presentation in the class, we get a chance to see great pictures (something that did not worked out on the wiki page). Do you think you could fix the pictures and the sources to them?
    You have described the managerial challenges that are experienced by the Panda Sanctuaries, but I was wondering as it is not mentioned in the text who is formally responsible for the management of this site? What are those organizations and stakeholders? Were you able to identify them with the help of the information that is available for you? I am afraid it is one of the problems that this site is experiencing that is managerial structure is unclear? Do you think you could provide me with an answer? How does the state authorities of this particular region are organizing a support towards the site (both financial and the actual one, to prevent someone from illegal logging activities?).
    Best regards,
    Posted 15:04, 12 Nov 2013
    Hi Meng Ya, I'm sad I didn't get to see your presentation but from what you wrote I get an image of the problems they face and some are even out of their hands. I like the way you presented the reserves and why they are important to the World.
    Well written and presented here! Hope you show me the pictures from your presentation, I love pandas!
    Good job!
    Posted 18:40, 12 Nov 2013
    Mengya, I really like your choice of this natural site, because I'm also very interested in nature and its preservation. It is good to know of this Panda sanctuary, and the fact that it has 30% of all pandas in the world is facinating. If I ever travel to China I'll keep in mind to visit this place. It is quite difficult to avoid certain managerial problems, especially if the site is located in a country where sustainability is not the highest priority. The challenge of logging is the same in our national park in Belarus. But I think the first step to be done is educating people on the benefits they will get by preserving the natural site, including the economic benefits.
    Posted 22:17, 12 Nov 2013
    Thank you for your comments Albina. The Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries is wholly owned by the government of the People’s Republic of China. The state owns all the natural resources including mineral resources, forests, mountains, grasslands, wastelands, etc. There has three levels of management: the Sichuan Provincial World Heritage Management Committee, the relevant Prefecture or City World Heritage Management Office, and the local site management agencies. ichuan World Heritage Management Committee and Sichuan World Heritage Experts Committee have been formed under the Provincial Government to achieve coordination, and to improve authoritative and scientific management effectively. I am not sure, but at least I did not find more relevant information about there is management issues. The site is currently well-protected. Following the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake, a reconstruction plan has been compiled and implemented. More information at:
    Posted 16:34, 14 Nov 2013
    Great to hear that, thank you so much He Meng Ya! Best, Albina
    Posted 15:36, 21 Nov 2013
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