DU Wiki > Ă„mnen - Subjects > Tourism studies > KG3012 > Seminar 1 Cultural and natural World Heritage sites > Africa's World Heritage Sites by Ingmar Mehrtens > Serengeti National Park by Ingmar Mehrtens
Serengeti National Park by Ingmar Mehrtens
The Serengeti National Park is located in the same-named Serengeti ecosystem Tanzania. The area is protected since 1940 (UNESCO World Heritage Center, 2013a). After several boundary modifications since the area was declared a national park, the total area comprises now 1.5 million ha (UNESCO World Heritage Center, 2013a). The Serengeti National Park was nominated as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1979 (UNESCO World Heritage Center, 2013a)
The Serengeti National Park fulfills the 7th and 10th criteria of the UNESCO world heritage list “to contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance” and to “to contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation” (UNESCO World Heritage Center, 2013a; UNESCO World Heritage Center, 2013b). Each year the Serengeti National Park hosts the largest remaining unaltered animal migration with one million wildebeest plus hundreds of thousands of other ungulates. Due to the special characteristics of factors such as rainfall, temperature, topography and geology, soils and drainage systems the ecosystem offers enough resources to sustain the largest number of ungulates and the highest concentration of large predators in the world (UNESCO World Heritage Center, 2013a).
The biggest threat for the Serengeti is the so called “Serengeti Highway” (Livescience, 2013; UNESCO World Heritage Center, 2013a). On the one hand this highway would cut the ecosystem into two halves and consequently would interfere with the great migration. On the other hand it is said that the highway would bolster the regional economy. Therefore, there is a great debate between those who want to preserve the natural heritage, including the tourism industry, and those who support the construction of the highway. This debate is a good example of conflicting interest between a wider economic benefits and the preservation of heritage sites.
Livescience (2013) Serengeti Highway. Available from:
UNESCO World Heritage Center (2013a) Serengeti National Park. Available from:
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